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Orienteering Badge
(Discover the Outdoors)
by Kerry Cordy

Orienteering is a sport which uses an accurate, detailed map and compass to find points on the terrain. It can be enjoyed as a walk in the woods or as a competitive sport and is a useful survival skill.

 

Penguins: Do 3 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____ 1.* Understand what orienteering is.

_____ 2.* While holding a compass be able to tell someone which way is north, south, east and west.

Otters:  Do 4 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____ 1.* Do Penguin requirements 1 and 2

_____ 2*.   In the field, show how to take a compass bearing and follow it. Explain how a compass works.  Know the difference between true north and magnetic north.

Dolphin:  Do 5 requirements including the 2 starred

_____ 1.* Do Otter requirements 1 and 2

_____ 2.* Show how to orient a map using a compass.

Butterfly:  Do 6 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____ 1.* Do Dolphin requirements 1 and 2

_____ 2.* Participate in at least one orienteering event, or create your own.  Be able to show the route you took, how to read the control description sheet, and how you might be able to improve your time between control points.

Eagle:  Do 7 requirements including the 2 starred

_____ 1.* Butterfly requirements 1 and 2.

_____ 2.* Set up a cross country orienteering course of at least 500 yards with at least 5 control markers. Prepare the master map and control sheet and be able to explain them to participants.

Owl:  Do 9 requirements including the 2 starred:

_____ 1. * Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2

_____ 2. * Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone.   You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge.   If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.

 

Optional Requirements:

_____ 3.  Learn what a topographic map is and how to read one.

_____ 4.   (Penguins and Otters only) Participate in a string course.  This is a course marked with a continuous string line. These courses are often used with very young children to give them familiarity with the forest.

_____ 5.   (Penguins and Otters only) Play a game of directional Simon Says.  Stand facing North and have Mom or Dad shout either ” North“, “South“, “East“, or “West“.  You must then turn and face the correct direction Otters must do this without the use of a compass.

_____ 6.    Describe the features of an orienteering compass.

_____ 7.   Be able to read a topographic map and identify at least 5 terrain features both on the map and in the field.

_____ 8.  Learn how to read the international control symbols sheet.

_____ 9.   Be able to identify at least 10 control symbols and tell their meaning.

_____ 10.    Take part in an orienteering event, or create your own.

_____ 11.  Using a compass and a ruler, solve the following three puzzles (each puzzle will draw a letter of the alphabet)

1.  Mark a starting dot on a piece of paper.  Draw a line 3” long due North.  From where
you ended, draw a 2” line due East.  Go back to your starting dot and draw a line 1 ½”
long due North.  From this point draw a 1 ½” line due East.  What letter did you draw?

(F)

2.  Make a starting dot on a piece of paper.  Draw a 4” line due North.  From the end of
your line draw another line that is 2” South East.  From this point draw another line 2”
South West.  Finally draw line 2 ¾” South East.  What letter did you draw?

(R)

3.  Make a starting dot on a piece of paper.  Draw a 3” line due North.  From here draw a
2” line South East.  Then draw a 2” line North East.  Finally draw a 3” line due South. What letter did you draw?

(M)

_____ 12.  Explain what declination means and why it is important when orienteering.

_____ 13.  Show how to measure distances using an orienteering compass.

_____ 14.  Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: control marker, attack point, collecting (or catching) feature, aiming off, point feature, contouring, handrail, fine orienteering, and safety bearing.

_____ 15.  Understand pace counting and why it is important in orienteering.

_____ 16.  Know the difference between a cross country orienteering event and a scored event.

_____ 17.  Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: dog leg, star event, thumbing, reentrant, line event, and knoll.

_____ 18.  Participate in a cross country orienteering course.

_____ 19.  Participate in a scored orienteering course.

_____ 20.  Find out what organizations have competitive orienteering in your area.

_____ 21.  Learn the difference between traditional orienteering and the new GPS orienteering challenge of geocaching.  If possible, participate in an actual geocaching activity.

 

Helpful Links:

U.S. Orienteering Federation:
http://www.us.orienteering.org/
How to read international   control descriptions:
http://www.williams.edu/Biology/Faculty_Staff/hwilliams/Orienteering/clues.html