Orienteering is a sport which uses an accurate, detailed map and compass to find points on the terrain. It can be enjoyed as a walk in the woods or as a competitive sport and is a useful survival skill.
Penguins: Do 3 requirements including the 2 starred.
_____ 1.* Understand what orienteering is.
_____ 2.* While holding a compass be able to tell someone which way is north, south, east and west.
Otters: Â Do 4 requirements including the 2 starred.
_____ 1.* Do Penguin requirements 1 and 2
_____ 2*. Â Â In the field, show how to take a compass bearing and follow it. Explain how a compass works. Â Know the difference between true north and magnetic north.
Dolphin: Â Do 5 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Do Otter requirements 1 and 2
_____ 2.* Show how to orient a map using a compass.
Butterfly: Â Do 6 requirements including the 2 starred.
_____ 1.* Do Dolphin requirements 1 and 2
_____ 2.* Participate in at least one orienteering event, or create your own. Â Be able to show the route you took, how to read the control description sheet, and how you might be able to improve your time between control points.
Eagle: Â Do 7 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Butterfly requirements 1 and 2.
_____ 2.* Set up a cross country orienteering course of at least 500 yards with at least 5 control markers. Prepare the master map and control sheet and be able to explain them to participants.
Owl:Â Do 9 requirements including the 2 starred:
_____ 1. *Â Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2
_____ 2. *Â Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone. Â Â You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge.Â Â If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.
_____ 3. Â Learn what a topographic map is and how to read one.
_____ 4. Â Â (Penguins and Otters only) Participate in a string course. Â This is a course marked with a continuous string line. These courses are often used with very young children to give them familiarity with the forest.
_____ 5. Â Â (Penguins and Otters only) Play a game of directional Simon Says. Â Stand facing North and have Mom or Dad shout either â Northâ, âSouthâ, âEastâ, or âWestâ. Â You must then turn and face the correct direction Otters must do this without the use of a compass.
_____ 6. Â Â Â Describe the features of an orienteering compass.
_____ 7. Â Â Be able to read a topographic map and identify at least 5 terrain features both on the map and in the field.
_____ 8. Â Learn how to read the international control symbols sheet.
_____ 9. Â Â Be able to identify at least 10 control symbols and tell their meaning.
_____ 10. Â Â Â Take part in an orienteering event, or create your own.
_____ 11. Â Using a compass and a ruler, solve the following three puzzles (each puzzle will draw a letter of the alphabet)
1. Â Mark a starting dot on a piece of paper. Â Draw a line 3â long due North. Â From where
you ended, draw a 2â line due East. Â Go back to your starting dot and draw a line 1 Â½â
long due North. Â From this point draw a 1 Â½â line due East. Â What letter did you draw?
2. Â Make a starting dot on a piece of paper. Â Draw a 4â line due North. Â From the end of
your line draw another line that is 2â South East. Â From this point draw another line 2â
South West. Â Finally draw line 2 Â¾â South East. Â What letter did you draw?
3. Â Make a starting dot on a piece of paper. Â Draw a 3â line due North. Â From here draw a
2â line South East. Â Then draw a 2â line North East. Â Finally draw a 3â line due South. What letter did you draw?
_____ 12. Â Explain what declination means and why it is important when orienteering.
_____ 13. Â Show how to measure distances using an orienteering compass.
_____ 14. Â Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: control marker, attack point, collecting (or catching) feature, aiming off, point feature, contouring, handrail, fine orienteering, and safety bearing.
_____ 15. Â Understand pace counting and why it is important in orienteering.
_____ 16. Â Know the difference between a cross country orienteering event and a scored event.
_____ 17. Â Explain the following terms and tell when you would use them: dog leg, star event, thumbing, reentrant, line event, and knoll.
_____ 18. Â Participate in a cross country orienteering course.
_____ 19. Â Participate in a scored orienteering course.
_____ 20. Â Find out what organizations have competitive orienteering in your area.
_____ 21. Â Learn the difference between traditional orienteering and the new GPS orienteering challenge of geocaching. Â If possible, participate in an actual geocaching activity.
U.S. Orienteering Federation:
How to read international Â Â control descriptions: