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Physics

(Discover Science and Technology)
By Kerry Cordy

Physics is the study of the movements and interactions of everything in our universe.

(You may use any higher level requirement as optional requirements.)

Penguin:  Do three requirements including the two starred and one optional.

_____ 1 *  Understand what the terms force and motion means.  Demonstrate them.  Examples might be to push
someone on a swing,  push a toy car across a room, or throwing a ball.  Be able to explain how force and motion
affect your demonstration.  What happens if no force is applied? What happens if uneven force is applied on two
sides of an object, such as in tug-of-war?  (younger girls should understand the basic concept while older girls
should be able to explain the terms in detail.)

_____ 2.*  Learn what the terms friction and gravity mean. Demonstrate them in action.  For example, you might
sled down a hill first on a piece of cardboard and then on a sled.  Why does one move faster than the other?
You can try the same experiment on a play ground slide.  First slide down sitting on a piece of wax paper, then
on a piece of rubber, such as a place mat.  Which makes you go faster?  Why?  Think of at least three other
examples of friction and gravity.  (younger girls should understand the basic concept while older girls should be
able to explain the terms in detail.)

Otter:  Do four requirements including the two starred and two optional.

_____ 1.*  Do Penguin requirements 1 & 2.

_____ 2. * Create a marble run out of objects found in your home such as wrapping paper tubes, funnels, track
from toy cars, Legos, etc.  How far can you get a marble to travel?  Can you make a jump and have the marble
be caught in a funnel and keep going?  Older girls should be able to explain how things like gravity, friction,
mass and velocity effect their  marble run.

Dolphin:  Do five requirements including the two starred and three optional.

_____ 1.*  Do Otter requirements 1 & 2.

_____ 2.*  Learn about air resistance.  What is it?  How does it affect our world?  Drop both a coin and a feather
at the same time.  Why do you think one falls faster than the other?  Design a paper plane and fly it.  Why does
it stay up in the air for so long?  (younger girls should understand the basic concept while older girls should be
able to explain the terms in detail.)

Butterfly:  Do six requirements including the two starred and four optional.

_____ 1.*  Do Dolphin requirements 1 & 2.

_____ 2.*  Understand and explain Newton’s Three Laws of Motion 1.  An object at rest tends to stay at rest, an
object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same direction and speed, unless acted upon.  2.  The
acceleration of an object is directly related to the  force applied combined with the mass of the object it is being
applied to.  3.  For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Eagle:  Do seven requirements including the two starred and five optional.

_____ 1.*  Do Butterfly requirements 1 & 2.

_____ 2.*  Explain the theory of energy conservation as it applies to physics.  For example, when a car burns
gasoline, and moves forward, how is energy conserved?

Owl:  Do nine requirements including the two starred and seven optional.

_____ 1. *  Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2

_____ 2. *  Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone.   You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge.   If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.

 

Optional Requirements:

_____ 3.  Visit a hands-on physics museum or exhibit.

_____ 4.  Visit an amusement park and discuss how physics affect the rides.  Identify areas of acceleration,
gravity, velocity, speed, and friction.

_____ 5.  Play an interactive physics video game.

_____ 6.  Create a timeline of physics discoveries.  Include at least 20 items.

_____ 7.  Learn about a famous physicist such as Neils Bohr, Albert Einstein, Galilei Galileo, Stephen Hawking,
Isaac Newton, or Lord Kelvin.

_____ 8.  Read a book or magazine about physics.

_____ 9.  Design a roller coaster or other amusement park ride.  How would physics play a part in the way it
works?  Identify areas of gravity, friction, speed, acceleration, velocity, potential energy, kinetic energy, etc.

_____ 10.  Participate in a community service project that has to do with physics. For example you might create
a game to teach physics concepts to younger kids and donate it to your local school, volunteer at,  or host, a
local bike rodeo, host a community paper airplane contest, etc.

_____ 11.  Have an egg drop competition with your friends.  Using materials found around the house, create a
way to protect an egg dropped from a distance of at least 10 feet.  Whose egg survived?  Why?

_____ 12.  Learn about careers that involve physics.  Examples might include a physicist, an engineer, a roller
coaster designer, or an architect.  Choose one and find out what type of education you would need, what salary
you could expect, where you might need to live, etc.

Websites:  These websites are not associated with our program and we cannot guarantee their
content.  Please do not surf the internet without your parent’s permission.

Great physics resource site for all ages
http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/local/IIT/projects/Glasser.html