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Public Speaking Badge
(Discover Art or Discover Knowledge)
By Sylvia and Charlotte Duke

 

Penguins: complete 3 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____1.* What is Public Speaking? Listen to someone give a speech.

_____2.* When you give a speech, you usually stand up in front of people and talk about a subject that is interesting to you.  Stand up in front of a group and tell them about something you like.

Some people feel nervous when they do this, so to make things easier for yourself remember these helpful hints:
-        Make sure that you are wearing appropriate clothing for your speech (if you are speaking about Frontier Girls, you would wear your uniform);

-        Take a few deep breaths before you stand up, so that you can relax yourself;

-        Stand up straight so that you have good posture and can breathe easily;

-        Put one foot slightly in front of the other to give you balance; never lock your knees.

-        Look pleasant, and before you speak look at your audience to make eye-contact.  SMILE

-        Remember that the audience wouldn’t be there unless they wanted to hear what you have to say.

 

Otters: complete 4 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____1.  * Do Penguin 1 & 2.

_____2.  * One of the first speeches a person usually gives is called an Icebreaker.  This is when you introduce yourself to a group of people and tell them something about your life.  This is an easy speech to give because you know all the information: It’s all about YOU!  Choose a good place to begin and tell the story of your life until you get to the point where you want to end.  Give a short Icebreaker speech (1-2 minutes long) to your Troop or friends.

 

Dolphins: complete 5 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____1. * Complete Otter 1 and 2, but your speech should be 3-4 minutes long.

_____2. * When you speak remember to speak clearly:

-        Talk to the people at the back of the room, then everyone will be able to hear you

-        Don’t speak too quickly or let the ends of your sentences fade away

-        Sound as though you are really interested in and believe what you are saying

-        Keep your tone pleasant and smile where appropriate

-        Look at your audience without looking at any one person

 

Butterflies: complete 6 requirements including the 2 starred.

_____1. * Complete Dolphin requirements 1 and 2, but your speech should be 5-7 minutes long.

_____2. * A good speaker is guided by some basic principles of being in front of an audience.  A good place to start is the following formula:  Stand Up, Speak Up, Shut Up.
-        Stand Up: This is summed up Otter requirement 1

-        Speak Up: This is summed up in Dolphin requirement 2

-        Shut Up: When you come to the end of your speech make it definite: state what you have tried to say, then sit down and be prepared to answer any questions your audience may have.

Also some general advice:
-  Don’t fidget or fiddle with note papers

-  Don’t be afraid to make gestures, but don’t wave your arms about without purpose

- Don’t tell jokes unless you are good at it and they are relevant.

- Anecdotes are better to illustrate points than jokes

- Don’t let nerves worry you: most people feel a bit nervous speaking in front of others, but practice makes public speaking easier.

 

Eagles: complete 7 requirements including the 2 starred.

______1.  * Complete Butterfly requirements 1 and 2, but your speech should be 8-10 minutes long.

______2. * Remember that an effective speech conveys your message to the audience.  Speeches need to have some good organization: you must know what you are speaking about and make a plan to communicate your intent to your listeners.

To plan a speech:

-        think about all the things you wish to include in the speech and jot them down; next put the ideas into a logical order

-        think about the key element that you are aiming to get across to your audience.  This is your Specific Purpose Statement (SPS) for your speech eg; “In this speech I want to tell you more about my life”.

-        think of an introduction: this will include your SPS – so that people know what you are going to tell them.

-        develop the main body of your speech under various headings and sub-headings eg; my life in primary school; my life at secondary school; my life in Texas; etc

-        think of a conclusion.  This will sum up your speech, tie all the points you made together and will usually include a re-statement of your SPS eg; “I hope that I have been able to tell you a bit more about my life”. Many speakers use notes to guide them as they speak.  There are many different types of notes that can be used eg; linear notes, mind-maps/spider diagrams, pictorial notes, flow charts etc.  Research the different types and find out which work best for you.  If you choose to write out your speech completely, then you will need to read it and practice it enough so that you are actively speaking to the audience and not just reading from the paper.

 

Owl:  Do 9 requirements including the 2 starred:

_____ 1. *  Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2

_____ 2. *  Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone.   You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge.   If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.

 

Optional Requirements:

_____3. Give a short speech (1-2 minutes long) to your Troop or friends about all the things you enjoy about Frontier Girls.  Remember that when giving a speech it is important to be appropriately dressed.  For this speech you should wear your full uniform and be as neat and tidy as possible.  When you speak about Frontier Girls make sure that you present yourself in the best possible way. Dolphins and above, speech must be 3-4 minutes long.

_____4.   Learn a short poem (2-3 verses) and recite it to your Troop or friends.   It will help if you can practice reciting the poem to your family first. Dolphins must learn a poem with 4-5 verses; Butterflies, 6-8; Eagles and Owls, 10-12.

_____5.  Learn about the life of a famous public speaker.  Find out how they became a good public speaker and what sort of speeches they gave. If you are repeating this requirement at a higher level you must learn about a different public speaker.

_____6.  Make a booklet/collection of poems that pass on knowledge from one generation to another eg; 30 days have September, April, June and November; all the rest have 31 excepting February alone and that has 28 days clear and 29 in each leap-year.   This sort of poetry is part of what is known as the Oral Tradition of passing on knowledge.

_____7.  Give a How To speech, teaching your audience how to do something.

_____ 8.  Give a speech on your hobby.  Include information and facts about the hobby itself as well as reasons you enjoy it.

_____ 9.  Research the history of public speaking.  Find out about the different areas where people spoke in public.

_____ 10. Make a booklet of your favorite famous speeches.

_____ 11.  Give a Current Events speech.   This could be current world political events, current local news events, or current events in the environmental, social or arts areas of life.  Choose a subject that you feel will be interesting to your local Troop or friends.

_____ 12.  Give a Declamation Speech. A good speaker is usually familiar with well-known speeches made by famous people in government, arts or industry.  Learn a famous speech by a well-known person and deliver it as you would expect the original person to have done so.  Some examples are Winston Churchill’s “We will fight them on the beaches” speech; Martin Luther King Jr’s “I have a dream” speech, etc.

_____ 13.  Give an Interpretation Speech: Learn a well-known speech from a Shakespeare play and perform it to your Troop or friends. You may interpret this speech to make it as dramatic as you choose.  Learn something of the character of the person who is giving the speech in the play. Learn a new speech every time you repeat this requirement.

_____ 14. Give a speech about the benefits of Frontier Girls to a local organization.

_____ 15.  Learn about careers that have a high degree of public speaking.  If possible shadow someone who does public speaking.

_____ 16.  Research the history of Ballads.  These folk-lore poems transmitted history orally from one generation to another.  Learn a ballad and its history and recite it to your Troop, giving them some historical background.