(Discover Science and Technology)
Submitted by Suzanne Vicoryosmanson
(Any higher level requirement may be used as an optional requirement.)
Penguins: Do 3 requirements including the two starred.
_____*1. Understand what a railroad and trains are.
_____ 2.* Learn train/ railroad crossing safety rules as well as safety rules when riding trains such as subways and elevated trains.
Otters: Do 4 requirements including the two starred.
_____*1. Do Penguin requirements 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Learn about the two types of trains: passenger and freight. Which is used the most today? Why? How do passenger trains differ from freight trains?
Dolphin: Do 5 requirements including the two starred.
_____ 1.* Do Otter requirements 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Learn the history of railroads in the U.S. and trace the first major railroad routes across our country on a map. How did the railroad help to expand our nation?
Butterflies: Do 6 requirements including the two starred.
_____ 1.* Do Dolphin requirements 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Learn about the people who built the railways across America. What was their life like?
Eagles: Do 7 requirements including the two starred.
_____ 1.* Do Butterfly requirements 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Learn why railroads are still important today, despite the advantages of road travel and air transport.
Owl: Do 9 requirements including the 2 starred:
_____ 1. * Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2
_____ 2. * Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone. You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge. If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.
_____ 3. Ride on a historic train, a modern train or an Amtrak train.
_____ 4. Ride on an alternative train, such as a monorail at Disneyland or in Las Vegas, or the MetroRail in Phoenix, Arizona or the elevated train in Chicago, or the subway in New York or BART system of San Francisco.
_____ 5. Visit a railroad museum.
_____ 6. Write a report on railroads.
_____ 7. Study the economic advantages the railroad brought to America.
_____ 8. Know the names of at least three major railroad companies in America and where their major routes are.
_____ 9. Learn about railroad signals and related traffic laws, such as right of way.
_____ 10. Tour a train station.
_____ 11. Learn about the safety inspections of trains.
_____ 12. Find out what kind of jobs there are in the railroad industry today. Butterflies and Eagles should also learn about outdated jobs that are now performed by technology.
_____ 13. Participate in a service project related to trains/ railroads. You may choose to volunteer at a railroad museum, raise funds to restore an old train for display, or educate others about trains.
_____ 14. Learn how modern inventions changed traveling by rail. What amenities were added to passenger trains to improve the ride? How have the engines and traffic control of the railways changed thanks to modern inventions?
_____ 15. Watch a TV show or movie , or read a book where trains play an important role.
_____ 16. Learn the difference between Steam engines, diesel engines, and electrical engines
_____ 17. Learn about train tracks: how they are made, their dimensions. Butterflies and Eagles should know the difference between standard rail and narrow gauge rail.