(Discover the Outdoors)
Written by Lily Jorrick (Butterfly)
Penguins: Do the three starred requirements.
Otters: Do four requirements including the three starred.
Dolphins: Do five requirements including the three starred.
Butterflies: Do six requirements including the three starred.
Eagles: Do seven requirements including the three starred.
Owls: Do nine requirements including the three starred and teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone. You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge. If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.
______1.*Learn the proper terminology for all the main parts of a sloop-rigged sailboat (mast, sails, bow, stern, hull, rudder, keel, boom, lines, halyards, sheets, etc.).
______2.* Learn the following rules for sailing:
A. Always wear a life jacket.
B. Younger girls and girls who are not proficient sailors must always be accompanied by a competent adult when sailing.
C. Butterflies and up must be able to right a small overturned sailboat using the dagger board.
D. Keep an eye on the boom and on any lines that might cause injuries.
E. Be sure to dress properly for sailing and apply sunscreen.
F. Dolphins and up; when sailing alone, stay within sight and earshot of an adult sailor.
Discuss the above rules, as well as other safety precautions that are specific to body of water you’ll be on before sailing.
______3.* Have an experienced sailor give you a lesson, then go sailing with an adult on at least three different occasions (for at least one hour total). Dolphins and up, if you are a confident sailor you may sail alone for part of that time with parent permission.
______4. Learn about the history of sailing and how sailboats have evolved.
______5. Learn about a woman who has sailed around the globe alone.
______6. What are the most common injuries to sailors? Know the basic first aid to treat them.
______7. Where is competitive sailing most popular? Learn about a big sailboat competition in one of these countries. Can you compete in a sailing competition locally?
______8. Learn 5 good sailing drills and practice them.
______9. What are the points of sail? Be able to identify which point you are facing while sailing.
_____10. Learn about modern careers in which sailing is involved. What education is needed, and what are the pay and work schedules like?
_____11. Learn about different types of sailing rigs. For example: a ship, a schooner, a brig, a ketch, a cutter, a yawl, a bark, and a junk. Butterflies and up, name all the sails on a three-masted ship.
_____12. Learn how to tie the following knots and learn where you would use them:
Bowline, reef knot, figure eight. Also learn how to tie off to a cleat.
Optional- learn to tie a monkey’s fist knot.
Sailing for Dummies By JJ and Peter Isler
This book contains everything you need to know to start sailing.
History of the Sailing Ship
This very informative book traces the history of Sailboats, from ancient Egyptian reed boats up to the sailboats
of the 20th century.
Basic Sailing by M. D. George
This book covers all the sailing basics for a beginning sailor.
Maiden Voyage by Tania Aebi
This book is a memoir by Tania Aebi about when she was sailing around the world alone.
Heavy Weather Sailing by Adlard Coles
This book is mostly about sailing in stormy weather, but also has some information on different boat designs.
The Ocean Sailing Yacht by Donald Street
This book has lots of information on the different parts of sailboats.