(Discover Agriculture or the Outdoors)
By Kerry Cordy
There are over 4400 different types of worms, including over 2700 different types of earthworm, and 1200 species of inch worm.
(You may use any higher level requirement as an optional requirement.)
Penguin: Do 3 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* What are worms? What do they look like? Many different animals are considered worms. Find out what several of them look like. (For example: Earthworms, caterpillars, roundworms, flatworms, grubs, maggots, and, historically, carnivorous reptiles/serpents/dragons)
_____ 2.* Find out where earthworms live. Where is the best place to find them? Go on a worm hunt and see if you can dig some up. Be careful when you dig so that you do not harm any worms that you find. Looking for worms just after a heavy rain is easy as man of the worms will come to the surface.
Otter: Do 4 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Do Penguin requirements # 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Find out why worms are important to the environment. Why are worms important for healthy plants? What type of worms can harm plants?
Dolphin: Do 5 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Do Otter requirements # 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Learn the basic body parts of an earthworm. Identify the pharynx, esophagus, crop, gizzard, intestine, bloodstream, and anus, and know what each does. Worms have no lungs. How do they breathe? Be able to identify the differences between a flat worm, round worm, and segmented worm.
Butterfly: Do 6 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Do Dolphin requirements # 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Some worms are parasites and can harm humans and animals. Find out about at least three of the following worms and how they can bring harm. What can you do to prevent these types of worms from getting into your system and how do you treat them if they do?
• Heart Worm
• Hook Worm
• Screw Worms
• Thread Worms
Eagle: Do 7 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1.* Do Butterfly requirements # 1 & 2.
_____ 2.* Find out about careers that deal with worms. Examples might include silk worm farming, earthworm farming, worm picker, ecologist, etc.
Owl: Do 9 requirements including the 2 starred
_____ 1. * Do Eagle requirements 1 & 2
_____ 2. * Teach someone how to do a skill from this badge or teach some knowledge about this badge to someone. You can teach kids, your spouse, seniors, anyone, just as long as you are sharing your new found knowledge. If for some reason you cannot teach what you have learned to someone else, you may choose an additional 2 optional requirements instead.
_____ 3. Inch-worms are the larvae of moths. Find out what the common characteristics of an inch-worm are. How do they differ from an earthworm?
Butterfly & up add: What kinds of worms produce silk and how?
_____ 4. Find out what worms are best for fishing. Go on a fishing trip using fish for bait.
_____ 5. Observe worms by making your own “wormery”.
You will need:
• Wide-mouth glass jar
• Garden soil
• Dead leaves
• Paper bag
Place a layer of soil, a layer of peat, and a layer of sand into your jar. Water the soil well. Put your worms on top of the soil, but don’t bury them. They will dig down into the soil on their own. Cover the worms with some dead leaves and put a paper bag over the top of the jar. The will keep out the light, but still let in oxygen.Place your jar in a cool place out of any direct sunlight.Check your worm farm every day and make sure the soil is damp, but not soaked. Watch your worms at work. After a few days, make sure to set your worms free in a good, damp location outside.
_____ 6. What is compost, and why is worm compost especially good for gardening?
_____ 7. Read a book about worms. Suggestions listed.
Otter & Penguin: “The Very Hungary Caterpillar” by Eric Carle
Dolphin: “Diary of a Worm” by Doreen Cronin
Butterfly & up: Or watch a documentary
_____ 8. Some cultures around the world eat worms. Find out where some worms are eaten, what types they eat, and how they are prepared.
_____ 9. Visit a worm farm in person, or online with permission from your parents.
_____10. Participate in a service project that has something to do with worms. You might help dig worms for a community kids fishing or help in a community garden.
Websites: These websites are not associated with our program and we cannot guarantee their content. Please do not surf the internet without your parent’s permission.
Discover Kids – All About Worms http://yucky.discovery.com/flash/worm/pg000102.html
All About Worms http://www.allaboutworms.com/types-of-worms
Worm Activities http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/Education/curriculum/worms/98Activities.pdf
Worm Crafts http://www.kidactivities.net/post/Worms-for-Fun!.aspx
Adventures of Herman the Worm http://urbanext.illinois.edu/worms/